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Behav Genet 1995 Jan;25(1):67-73

Ethanol-induced anesthesia in inbred strains of long-sleep and short-sleep mice: a genetic analysis of repeated measures using censored data.

Markel PD, DeFries JC, Johnson TE

Institute for Behavioral Genetics, University of Colorado, Boulder 80309-0447, USA.

We present a repeated-measures, genetic analysis of ethanol-induced anesthesia (sleep time) in mice from the inbred long-sleep (ILS) and short-sleep (ISS) strains of mice and their derived F1 and F2 generations. Mice (total N > 1300) were administered a 4.1 g/kg intraperitoneal dose of ethanol at two times, 7 to 10 days apart. A method suggested by Cohen was used to analyze the resulting data, which contained a known number of unmeasured observations. A genetic model that included both additive and epistatic parameters fitted the adjusted data well. A novel procedure for estimating heritability, based on a comparison of repeatability coefficients from the isogenic and genetically segregating populations, was also employed. Results of this analysis suggested that the heritability for individual measurements of sleep time is about .30, whereas the heritability of average scores is about .40. Results of this analysis also confirm that the ILS and ISS strains differ for genes at seven or more loci that influence sleep time. Since the ILS and ISS were derived by inbreeding the LS and SS lines, these results further suggest that almost all of the genetic variation present in the selected lines have been maintained in the ILS and ISS strains.