In Psychiatric Secrets, 2nd edition. 1999; pp. 323-327. Philadelphia: Hanley & Belfus, Inc.
Riggs, P. D. & Whitmore, E. A.
This chapter defines conduct disorder (CD) and identifies types and prevalence. It reviews the factors that contribute to CD including intrinsic factors such as diminished serotonin levels and autonomic hyperactivity as well as extrinsic factors such as parental aggression and low maternal affection. Also discussed are other disorders associated with conduct disorder as well as gender differences and effective treatments for CD.